GrammarPhile Blog

Vocabulary Test -- Don't Cry!

Posted by Phil Jamieson   Feb 15, 2011 4:30:00 AM

Crying babyWell, sometimes your game's just not there, and so it seems you're randomly tossing the ball hither and yon with no target in sight. But don't cry if you flunk this test! Take your best shot, and if you don't get them all, there's always next week/month/year/life.

1. absolve: (a) to cause resolution of; (b) to pay (as a debt) in full; (c) to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt; (d) to cause to disperse or disappear.

2. capriccio: (a) an instrumental piece in free form usually lively in tempo and brilliant in style; (b) a polyphonic choral composition on a sacred text usually without instrumental accompaniment; (c) in time — used as a direction in music to return to the original tempo; (d) a sandwich made with round Italian bread and filled usually with cold cuts, cheese, and olive salad.

3. existentialism: (a) a movement in art and literature based on deliberate irrationality and negation of traditional artistic values; (b) a chiefly 20th century philosophical movement embracing diverse doctrines but centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad; (c) the theory or practice of fidelity in art and literature to nature or to real life and to accurate representation without idealization; (d) a theory or practice in art of seeking to depict the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse in the artist.

4. impecunious: (a) marked by impulsive vehemence or passion; (b) having very little or no money usually habitually; (c) marked by or given to vehement insistent outcry; (d) having a huge appetite.

5. adjudicate: (a) to relinquish (as sovereign power) formally; (b) to prove or serve to prove the authenticity of; (c) to settle judicially; (d) to cause to divide into two branches or parts.

6. ruminate: (a) to offer excessive or slavish admiration or flattery; (b) to cause to divide into two branches or parts; (c) to chew repeatedly for an extended period; (d) to enroll as a member of a body and especially of a college or university.

7. freshet: (a) a great rise or overflowing of a stream caused by heavy rains or melted snow; (b) a high overshoe worn especially in snow and slush; (c) a tributary stream; (d) broken or refuse glass usually added to new material to facilitate melting in making glass.

8. morass: (a) a scene or a state of great destruction; (b) a situation that traps, confuses, or impedes; (c) a deep crevice or fissure (as in a glacier or the earth); (d) cloudiness or partial opacity in a developed photographic image caused by chemical action or stray radiation.

9. Belial: (a) of or related to a belief system; (b) Greek god of the wheel; (c) not falling into or existing in the sphere of morals or ethics; (d) one of the fallen angels in Milton's Paradise Lost.

10. lookism: (a) fidelity to observable fact; (b) prejudice or discrimination based on physical appearance and especially physical appearance believed to fall short of societal notions of beauty; (c) exaggerated or affected adherence to a particular style or design; (d) a theory or practice in literature emphasizing scientific observation of life without idealization and often including elements of determinism.

Click here for the answers!


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